Hair Loss Surgery
Hair Loss Surgery
The Hair Loss Surgery is the procedure in which micro and mini-grafts of hair are inserted, these included one to four hair follicles by graft or portion of scalp, locating them in the areas of the scalp suffering from alopecia. (Without hair)
This procedure is indicated in patients that present baldness or alopecia, whether is by genetic or androgenic predisposal or hormones disorders, or by hairless scars. It does not have a determinate age and it can be preformed in any hairy area that presents absence of hair.
The Hair Loss Surgery is performed taking grafts of scalps from the head posterior occipital zone and then place them in little incisions in the bald areas as micro (1 to 2) or mini-grafts (3 to 4), with sections of approximately 1500 hairs. According the subject this procedure can be performed in one session or it might need more than one, in order to achieve the proper thickness of hair in the alopecic zone. The region from where the grafts are taken can be close or sew-up without tension, leaving the scars hidden by hair.
This procedure last from one to five hours according the number of grafts inserted. Is usually made under local anesthesia with sedation, or general anesthesia if requested by the patient. Its an ambulatory procedure in most cases, unless there are previews or after conditions on the patients that required hospitalization.
On the postoperative mild pain, swelling and crusts over the grafts will appear, all of these will last about two weeks.
Within the adverse eventualities we can find bleedings, infections, loss of grafts or lack of addition, open wounds or dehiscence on the area of the grafts donor, inclusion cysts on the grafted hair. The anesthetics and surgical risks are similar to those of any other surgical procedure.
In the recovery, the patient must use bandages or scalp protective elements, as hats, to protect the grafts; the hair must be wash only three days after the surgery, do not scrub or massage the scalp for two weeks. The patient must use analgesics and antibiotics, and use minoxidil lotions to improve the hair growth, if the patient is a grownup man, it can also use finasteride, to prevent hair loss. The growth of the hair will present three or four months after the graft were placed. The medical leave of absence will depend of the surgery and the job that the patient performs, but it can go from three to twelve days.